What is a flange?-Define and Detail of flange
A flange is a method of connecting pipes, valves, pumps and other equipment to form a piping system. Flanges are usually welded or screwed. Flanged joints are made by bolting together two flanges with a gasket between them to provide a seal.It also provides easy access for cleaning, inspection or modification.
Haihao Group can manufacturer the most used standard and special flanges as per clients’ requirement in high quality.
Materials for Flanges
Pipe flanges are manufactured in all the different materials like stainless steel, cast iron, aluminium, brass, bronze, plastic etc.But the most used material is forged carbon steel and have machined surfaces.
In addition, flanges, like fittings and pipes, for specific purposes sometimes internally equipped with layers of materials of a completely different quality as the flanges themselves, which are “lined flanges”.
The material of a flange, is basically set during the choice of the pipe, in most cases, a flange is of the same material as the pipe.
Depending on different applications,Haihao Group have the following materials for the flanges:
Carbon steel: ASTM A105,ASTM A105N,GB 20,C22.8.
Alloy steel: ASTM/ASME A234 WP 1-WP 12-WP 11-WP 22-WP 5-WP 91-WP 911
Stainless steel: ASTM/ASME A403 WP 304-304L-304H-304LN-304N
ASTM/ASME A403 WP 316-316L-316H-316LN-316N-316Ti
ASTM/ASME A403 WP 321-321H ASTM/ASME A403 WP 347-347H
Low temperature steel: ASTM/ASME A402 WPL 3-WPL 6
High performance steel: ASTM/ASME A860 WPHY 42-46-52-60-65-70
Dimensions of Flanges
Each flange according to ASME B16.5 has a number of standard dimensions. If a draftsman in Japan or a work preparer in Canada or a pipefitter in Australia is speaking about a Welding Neck flange NPS 6, Class 150, Schedule 40 ASME B16.5, then it goes over the flange which in the image here below is shown.
If the flange is ordered, the supplier want to know the material quality. For example ASTM A105 is a forged carbon steel flange, while A182 is a forged stainless steel flange.
So, in a correct order to a supplier two standards must be specified:
Welding Neck flange NPS 6, Class 150, Schedule 40, ASME B16.5 / ASTM A105
The flange above has 8 bolt holes, and a welding bevel of 37.5 degrees (red circle). All given dimensions are in millimeters. The raised face (RF) does not need to be specified, because according to ASME B16.5, each flange is standard delivered with a raised face. Only a different design (Ring Type Joint (RTJ), Flat Face (FF) etc.), should be specified.
Haihao flanges are usually according to different standard for different customers and projects:
America standard: ANSI B16.5,ANSI B16.47,ETC.
German standard: DIN 2573/DIN 2576/DIN 2631/DIN 2632/DIN 2633/DIN 2634/ DIN2635/DIN 2527
Japen standard: JIS B2220
Europe standard: BS4504/BS 10/UNI 2276 UNI 2277/UNI 2278/ UNI 6089/UNI 6090/EN 1092.
Application of Flanges
Since the flange has a good overall performance, so it is widely used in chemical, construction, water supply, drainage, oil, light and heavy industrial, refrigeration, sanitation, plumbing, fire protection, electric power, aerospace, shipbuilding and other infrastructure projects.
Haihao products have passed the ISO9000, ISO14001, GB/T28001, and Q/SY1002.1 certification. Due to our high quality and low prices, our products are well received in the global market, in countries such as the USA, Italy, Belgium, Chile, Bolivia, United Arab Emirates, Brazil, South Korea, India and more.